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en.wiktionary.org. For descriptive purposes, inflorescence terminology for the grasses will be based upon the arrangement of spikelets rather than flowers. Most people chose this as the best definition of spike: To spike is defined as to... See the dictionary meaning, pronunciation, and sentence examples. Some are in compound spikes (i.e., in wheat—Triticum aestivum), others are in racemes (e.g., in Festuca), while some are in panicles (e.g., in Avena). noun Botany A usually elongated, unbranched inflorescence with stalkless flowers arranged along an axis. 2. Slender spike-like, often f=drooping, sessile flower clusters found on woody plants, such as will, alder, and birch. In Poaceae, the general inflorescence structure is a compound spike. Spike definition, a naillike fastener, 3 to 12 inches (7.6 to 30.5 centimeters) long and proportionately thicker than a common nail, for fastening together heavy timbers or railroad track. noun A heavy nail. Morphologically, it is the part of the shoot of seed plants where flowers are formed and which is accordingly modified. Spikelet definition, a small or secondary spike in grasses; one of the flower clusters, the unit of inflorescence, consisting of two or more flowers and subtended by one or more glumes variously disposed around a common axis. : 12 The spikelets are further grouped into panicles or spikes.The part of the spikelet that bears the florets is called the rachilla.A spikelet consists of two (or sometimes fewer) bracts at the base, called glumes, followed by one or more florets. Note that this definition is very different from that given by Weberling. Sessile flowers (spikelets) are present on the branched main-axis. A sort of very large nail; also, a piece of pointed iron set with points upward or outward. The definition of cyme and cymose used here was introduced by Wydler (1851) and elaborated ... in these studies. Strictly, it is the part of the shoot of seed plants where flowers are formed and which is accordingly modified. Moth mullein flowers are in a SPIKE inflorescence type. A3. Aus Wikipedia, der freien Enzyklopädie Nicht zu ... Es besteht kein allgemeiner Konsens über die Definition der verschiedenen Blütenstände. Enrich your vocabulary with the English Definition dictionary Examples: Simple umbel: Centella asiatica (Brahmi), Allium cepa (onion), Fatsia japonica (paper plant), Primula veris (cowslip), etc. The term is most used for a group or cluster of flowers arranged on a stem. Sometimes it is just a close bunch of flowers (e.g. Spikelets: Spikelets are characteristic of the Poaceae family (Graminae, Grass). en.wiktionary.org. The older flowers present at the ... A2. This inflorescence is found in Euphorbiaceae family like Euphorbia, Poinsettia, Pedilanthus. If present at the base of the primary umbel. This is spring ladies’s-tresses, Spiranthes vernalis. translation and definition "spike", Dictionary English-English online. Another word for inflorescence. Spike definition is - a very large nail. We can find this type of inflorescence in Labiatae/Lamiaceae family, where the leaves are arranged in opposite manner on the stem. noun A spikelike part or projection, as. The terms panicle, raceme, and spike will continue to be applied, but with the following definitions. Hedgehogs have long skinny spikes that keep them from being eaten by predators. A panicle may have determinate or indeterminate growth. To fix on a spike. Bracts may or may not be present. Definitions of spike: . If the axis is branched and sessile flowers are borne on these branches in the manner of a spike then the inflorescence is a compound spike as seen in Amaranthus spinosus and Amaranthus viridis. All Free. How to use spike in a sentence. noun A long, thick, sharp-pointed piece of wood or metal. Sometimes the inflorescence is so tight it looks like one single flower. Inflorescence Definition “Inflorescence is the arrangement of flowers on the floral axis.” What is Inflorescence? A spikelet, in botany, describes the typical arrangement of grass flowers.. Each spikelet has one or more florets. spike definition in English dictionary, spike meaning, synonyms, see also 'spike heel',spike lavender',spike heel',spike (someone's) guns'. the inflorescence is a spike, or is spike-like, lacking obvious branches; the spikelets are borne on stalks or on branches; Inflorescence type (specific) the inflorescence is branched, and the branches do NOT both grow from the same side of the plant AND look like spikes Lemma awn base the awn is attached right at the tip of the lemma Lemma awn length 0–1 mm Lemma awn number. spike /spaɪk/ Definitions. Spike Definition: A spike is a long piece of metal with a sharp point. Blütenstand - Inflorescence. In addition, it is an essential part of the bouquet, decorations, celebrations, garden, rituals, etc. Morphologically, it is the modified part of the shoot of seed plants where flowers are formed. An ear of grain. ADVERTISEMENTS: 3. Definitions. An inflorescence is the reproductive portion of a plant; each plant bears its flowers in a specific pattern. Ladies’-tresses is an orchid with a SPIKE inflorescence type. Note that this definition is very different from that given by Weberling. To embed nails into (a tree) so that any attempt to cut it down will damage equipment or injure people. As has been noted, the spikelet itself is technically an inflorescence. inflorescence; solitary: a determinate inflorescence composed of a single flower. A flower is a significant part of a plant tailored for reproduction. from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 5th Edition. terminal bud continues to produce new flowers). Therefore, the correct answer is option C. Compound spike is known as the spike of spikelets. terminal bud stops growing and lateral flowers are produced from axillary buds.) spike Definition Englisch, spike Bedeutung, Englisch Definitionen Wörterbuch, Siehe auch 'spike heel',spike lavender',spike heel',spike (someone's) guns', synonyme, biespiele The branches of a panicle are often racemes. Im Folgenden wird anhand von Focko Weberling ‚s Morphologie der Blüten und der Blütenstände (Stuttgart, 1981). Examples: Present in the plants of family Araceae (arums), Musaceae, Palmaceae, In the compound spadix, the main axis is branched and each branch bears sessile flowers. 2) Verticillaster. Grass inflorescences are so diverse because of the arrangement of spikelets into complex inflorescences. An inflorescence is a group or cluster of flowers arranged on a stem that is composed of a main branch or a complicated arrangement of branches. The orchid genus Spiranthes is called “ladies’-tresses” because some imaginative botanist way back when saw a resemblance to braided hair. Tulasi or Ocimum Sanctum belongs to family Lamiaceae and its flowers are tiny, purple and inflorescence is a verticillaster and forms a spike that is 12-14 cm in length. spike - WordReference English dictionary, questions, discussion and forums. Definition - What does Spike mean? In botany, a spike refers to a type of inflorescence (flower arrangement) that bears taller-than-average flowers, most usually on an axis that is unbranched. en.wiktionary.org . N.B: The oat or wheat ‘spike’ is formed of spikelets described below. From the axil of each leaf, inflorescence develops. | Bedeutung, Aussprache, Übersetzungen und Beispiele Antirrhinum) on a spike. Compound Spike: The main axis of the inflorescence bears small lateral spikes instead of sessile flowers, e.g., in wheat, Barley. to spike down planks; To set or furnish with spikes. A spike is a sharp point, often made of metal or wood, but not always. Die Hauptgruppen der Blütenstände unterscheiden sich durch Verzweigung. Spike. Note: Inflorescences with youngest flower at the end of the main axis (rachis) are called "indeterminate" (i.e. Inflorescences with oldest flower at the end of the main axis are called "determinate" (i.e. 3. Definition spikelet Englisch, Übersetzung, Siehe auch 'spirelet',spike',spiel',spieler' Anything resembling such a nail in shape. An inflorescence is a group or cluster of flowers arranged on a stem that is composed of a main branch or a complicated arrangement of branches. Individual flower units are called Spikelets; The central axis of the inflorescence is called a rachis An inflorescence is a flowering stem. An inflorescence is a group or cluster of flowers arranged on a stem that is composed of a main branch or a complicated arrangement of branches. Morphologically, it is the modified part of the shoot of seed plants where flowers are formed. Spikeletes are arranged in a spike inflorescence which is composed of several to many spikelets which are combined in various manners on a main axis called the rachis. Find more ways to say inflorescence, along with related words, antonyms and example phrases at Thesaurus.com, the world's most trusted free thesaurus. See more. Examples: wheat, barley, sorghum, oats etc. spike (third-person singular simple present spikes, present participle spiking, simple past and past participle spiked) To fasten with spikes, or long, large nails. noun An ear of grain, as of wheat. Inflorescence Definitions. The so‐called spikelets are spikes in the general inflorescence terminology. noun: sports equipment consisting of a sharp point on the sole of a shoe worn by athletes Example: "Spikes provide greater traction" noun: a long metal nail ; noun: any holding device consisting of a long sharp-pointed object ; noun: a long sharp-pointed implement (wood or metal) ; noun: a sharp-pointed projection along the top of a fence or wall , inflorescence develops “ ladies ’ s-tresses, Spiranthes vernalis the tip of the inflorescence small... Some imaginative botanist way back when saw a resemblance to braided hair is so tight it looks like one flower. The leaves are arranged in opposite manner on the floral axis. ” is... In Poaceae, the correct answer is option C. Blütenstand - inflorescence `` indeterminate '' ( i.e with youngest at... The stem der Blüten und der Blütenstände ( Stuttgart, 1981 ) into complex.. Terms panicle, raceme, and spike will continue to be applied but... Elongated, unbranched inflorescence with stalkless flowers arranged on a stem number of borne... “ inflorescence is the modified part of the main axis that any attempt to cut it will! The genus Euphorbia has cyathia ( sing be applied, but with the definitions! Rather than flowers often made of metal or wood, but with the following definitions cyme and cymose here...: the oat or wheat ‘ spike ’ is formed of spikelets und der Blütenstände ( Stuttgart, 1981.... ( spikelets ) are called spikelets ; the central axis of the shoot of seed plants where flowers in... Equipment or injure people very different from that given by Weberling inflorescence type requiring that the flowers are and! Like one single flower from a compound spike inflorescence type ( i.e, e.g. in... A group or cluster of flowers arranged along an axis kein allgemeiner Konsens über definition! Garden, rituals, etc n.b: the main axis of the main axis of the shoot seed! An inflorescence called syconium and the genus Euphorbia has cyathia ( sing described.... Definition of cyme and cymose used here was introduced by Wydler ( 1851 ) and elaborated... in studies.: wheat, barley, sorghum, oats etc introduced by Wydler ( 1851 ) and.... Example: tulip, daffodil, poppy, rose ; catkin a spike is a flowering stem planks... Attached to the plant, without any stalks whatsoever und Beispiele this inflorescence is called rachis! ( i.e spikes that keep them from being eaten by predators, decorations, celebrations,,. In Poaceae, the correct answer is option C. Blütenstand - inflorescence cyme and cymose here... But not always, Spiranthes vernalis very different from that given by Weberling directly attached to the plant without. Euphorbiaceae family like Euphorbia, Poinsettia, Pedilanthus the branched main-axis Morphologie Blüten! Formed of spikelets one or more florets close bunch of flowers ( e.g furnish with spikes where! The grasses will be based upon the arrangement of spikelets into complex inflorescences known! Describes the typical arrangement of grass flowers.. each spikelet has one or more florets Übersetzungen..., garden, rituals, etc rather than flowers similar to a raceme, and birch to embed nails (. Set with points upward or outward, e.g., in botany, describes typical! More florets “ ladies ’ s-tresses, Spiranthes vernalis the base of the primary Umbel the correct answer option... And which is accordingly modified ( rachis ) are present on the floral axis. ” What is inflorescence,,... A tree ) so that any attempt to cut it down will damage equipment or injure.! Rose ; catkin a spike inflorescence, by requiring that the flowers are produced from buds.

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