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Promotion of prosocial behavior (PSB) — defined as an broad range of acts, including helping behavior, altruism, cooperation and solidarity intended to benefit other people (Weinstein and Ryan, 2010) — in individuals, groups and communities encourages the development of n… The Indian respondents believed that there was an absolute requirement to help, whereas the Americans offered their helping more selectively, even to their friends. In J. Krebs, D. (1970). Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 57(5), 873–884. Personal Distress and Empathy as Determinants of Helping . [30], A major cultural difference is the difference between collectivism and individualism. Religious prosocial motivation: Is it altruistic or egoistic? But perhaps this is not always true. Personality, Communications about Permissible Behavior, and Helping under "Lifelike" Conditions The division of the determinants of social behavior into two classes, the situation and the personality of the actor, has a long tradition in psychology. This research investigates the relative strength of two correlates of helping behavior: dispositional empathic concern and a moral principle to care about others. They are therefore less likely than liberals to favor government spending on welfare and other social programs designed to help people (Kluegel & Smith, 1986; Skitka, 1999). R.B. Why do people help? Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 44(2), 310–321. The heroism of women and men. (2007). Understanding and assessing the motivations of volunteers: A functional approach. Although people who receive help often really need the help and may indeed feel appreciative and grateful to those who help them, receiving help may also have some negative consequences. stella serwaa boafo (10028840) this thesis is submitted to the university of ghana, legon in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the award of m.phil clinical psychology … (1995). In R. A. Hinde, & J. Groebel (Ed).