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Mudstone – hardened mud; a mix of silt and clay sized particles. The deposition and burial of clays, in the delta of a river, for example, lead to the formation of the sedimentary rocks claystone and shale. Shale, the base component of slate, is a fine-grained sediment that forms into rock when exposed to pressure over a long period time just below the earth's surface. historical use as i) a ... Physil Claystone . Mudrocks, by definition, consist of at least fifty percent mud-sized particles. Add an answer or comment. Core photo of black shale with minor silt and laminations Mudstone is then further divided into massive-structure mudstone and graded-bedding shale. � �}�V������`�᎙I�@n�IfK�ڶ@�I�83�u��u��������6�{�ݗ�������������gc���������ۃ�Jl�� Claystone is usually massive, and is very soft and can be easily broken with hand pressure. It will crumble into irregular pieces rather than fissile fragments. Shale is distinguished from other mudstones because it is fissile and laminated. Learn more about Shale vs Claystone in the next section. From German Schalstein laminated limestone, and Schalgebirge layer of stone in stratified rock. The term Claystone is not one I am familiar with we normally refer to the rock clay and “clay”. The claystone bedrock specimens from these sites were from Dawson, Laramie, Arapahoe, and Denver formations. Characteristics of rocks include texture, appearance, color, fracture, streak, hardness etc. Rocks are quarried from many years for various purposes. ��l‹u ރ^�z@����[a�Z�5���1���� k��5�}�x^c�8��c�v���<2�u��fQ��KԸ��-ޠ9B�}dl(s��e�l)w�}g����� ���a���ӆľ�S�����F�6k]XF\i��ua��z�WS85s�����V*5q�m�`5ict%ɠ��a�0�YV�"V��yP�(�;����Z���6�&��h�Q AnE4���O�W�?kR��F��X+M0 ���4X����8��{Q���u����5E���c�w�)�v|��L*�����,�׬̪�3��Q $�V���_���5�c>q]�����V�_K��iŸ�Vk�����7��~}o�`�����v�5�|'bR��Nl�s�<4o��U�K�?����ƥW�Io���62a� ��{�Y�����}��s�=�@�IA����).�������f��+,:d�-9Em�*�v�դ�~١5A�����/��_t����EN��(��f�b��m4tnR�<0L��C� e�L�'�Ku���Rc�0h�T����(�5p�� �i�_c�0`�u�wF�K���۰�~���hӺ�V����/0���M�� �hrҦ�P��SQ��(w ������Yyu����d���S���'��8���5��kc�t�DBE�I��n����h+�Vk|%c߆�!�-f ���L7��i�f9� Claystone - greater than half of the composition is clay-sized particles. As nouns the difference between mudstone and claystone is that mudstone is (rock) a fine-grained sedimentary rock whose original constituents were clays or muds while claystone is (geology) sedimentary rock composed of fine, clay particles. Thereby, the formation of claystone is akin and useful like mudstone in the industry. Newcastle Sandstone- Gray, light-brown to yellow, discontinuously distributed siltstone, claystone, sandy shale, and fine-grained sandstone. ?&{�IǼx� T\�i�f��"償j�6��A�50r�&p+(��6Ɲ��cl$2�T�YӜ�l��gN�B��P�Iq�sN ���F��, �Nu|��)ۖ�%V��i��a�۸��� �lS�k>�%�1�&а�]�����ߪr�[�j�M�"�0�ś���O�#3�W� The hardness of Shale is 3 and that of Claystone is 3.5-4. Shale vs Claystone Claystone is a mud rock that is entirely (or dominantly) clay-sized material. Appearance of Shale is Muddy and that of Claystone is Rough and Dull. Classification of fine grained rocks (Af ter . Shale forms when very fine-grained clay particles are deposited in water which settle at the bottom of water bodies. You can also know more about Shale and Claystone Reserves. Shale is a fine-grained sedimentary rock that forms from the compaction of silt and clay-size mineral particles that we commonly call "mud." Comments. The hardness of Shale is 3 and that of Claystone is 3.5-4. From Old English scealu in its base sense of- thing that divides or separate, From English clay and stone as the rock contains more amount of clay, Black, Brown, Buff, Green, Grey, Red, Yellow, Black, Blue, Brown, Green, Grey, Orange, Red, White, Yellow, As Building Stone, As Facing Stone, Office Buildings, Easily splits into thin plates, Generally rough to touch, Very fine grained rock, Available in Lots of Colors and Patterns, Smooth to touch, Very fine grained rock, Albite, Biotite, Calcite, Chert, Chlorite, Dolomite, Hematite, Micas, Muscovite or Illite, Pyrite, Quartz, Silica, Sulfides, Biotite, Chlorite, Feldspar, Micas, Muscovite or Illite, Plagioclase, Pyrite, Quartz, Biological Weathering, Chemical Weathering, Mechanical Weathering, Chemical Erosion, Coastal Erosion, Glacier Erosion, Bolivia, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Venezuela, New South Wales, New Zealand, Queensland, Victoria, Western Australia, Decorative Aggregates, Homes, Interior Decoration, Decorative Aggregates, Entryways, Floor Tiles, Homes, Interior Decoration, Cement Manufacture, Construction Aggregate, for Road Aggregate, Making natural cement, Raw material for the manufacture of mortar, As a Sintering Agent in Steel Industry to process Iron Ore, Cement Manufacture, Construction Aggregate, for Road Aggregate, Making natural cement, Raw material for the manufacture of mortar, Red Shale, Black Shale, Green Shale, Grey Shale and Yellow Shale. The uses of Shale in construction industry include Cement manufacture, Construction aggregate, For road aggregate, Making natural cement, Raw material for the manufacture of mortar and that of Claystone include As a sintering agent in steel industry to process iron ore, Cement manufacture, Construction aggregate, For road aggregate, Making natural cement, Raw material for the manufacture of mortar. Siltstone vs Shale characteristics assist us to distinguish and recognize rocks. Claystone is a cousin of siltstone and mudstone in particle size. Shale is a fine-grained sedimentary rock which is formed by the compaction of silt and clay-size mineral particles. It is comprised mostly of organic matter that settles into mud and builds up until the pressure turns it into shale. Log in for more information. Properties of rock is another aspect for Shale vs Claystone. JC)*ɛ��ձ����.������!O��>J�_��/^�/�VC��Q납x��nwg��0 �o��=t��5���z�*�PrKQ垚�:f�� �}�n]5�#XnL��M�G�Cp8����O�W��U��w�n���ꘕ=v��faQ}��,>\h�0g�06���^����j�X6�����R���c�3����׿I[�P�J�f���h���t�d��v/aZ,)ڌD�8tR����% P�:H%-Ͼ6{+��g��++���ރ�+dc����Z�u7��xn����h��� These rocks are composed of many distinct minerals. N����qօ9�0�=tw�ջR�C�f(�u�@w� ����X�fD_�L���y�W� �ږ2�d�&�v늡�W Claystone is a fine-grained, dark gray to pink sedimentary rock which mainly consists of compacted and hardened clay. You can check out Shale vs Claystone information and Shale vs Claystone characteristics in the upcoming sections. $���3&��:���m��;����������0�b� '���\�j�(��@����l,��v]��y��]u'�M�،c�D��4������! Earth’s outer layer is covered by rocks and these rocks have different physical and chemical properties. }��|�X`ȫ�e��;� �R�O|2��2w����{�$w�ޑ��ߖ����A�����������Z�(�~�ܝ�o����CRޝ�!�t���,E[m�TqEk��}9ю��7�:�� �/4���ŞƊ�ͥ�h��b�`��`5S�P�����vF3Mp ��k ���YO0j����ǵz��Fؼ����B���ˊ�U�2�%M&零�D(X�(���O�:j�ݭ`�P{>�����^]X�_U[ �V4��$��w]߹���6��k��K&���C��O���d��9.�'�v��*���Ӻ����&��A��J��� ���L�o�1_���1�6JU��1>C,Z� ���`GGBX�o�ۭ:(�J�\��1HR\�:��J�����%ԉ�a�P�:u�|��k��I_��m�Jn�])��:���Z�K1�1z����4�)a�Z���2t���n����|:Y�����������_߽��l^~\{���{��d�|�~pt�v吺���*;!U�GuR��nݬ_����F��:���ߑ[�_���;�����/4�o8��*��sQ��N�gtw� ��ꐄ��u��)���T�r@�Y�~�\m;m��Gn]o�u��q�0m������#޷�E~jچ3��J������-���3澛�;i�8�����u�W�����l4���Z�hol@:� ���Cz�ٻ��M���ɾ����L��Kd��O����ҩG%��{mz�K�1�6�3��!h0m��=v�wl���a3�_U�6gG �m�.�6��ۭ�6���fKUt��jS�l�6��d�oR����x�E��g뭵V{uuuMeZ �%: ��?`�|��;�]g�x �^w� These terms however are to do with granularity - a clay is so fine that grains are undetectable even with a hand-lens. Shale is clastic sedimentary rock made up of clay minerals and other minerals like quartz and calcite. Favorite Answer Claystone is composed of clay, and contains no shale. The interior uses of Shale include Decorative aggregates, Homes and Interior decoration whereas the interior uses of Claystone include Decorative aggregates, Entryways, Floor tiles, Homes and Interior decoration. Aluminium Oxide, Ca, NaCl, CaO, Iron(III) Oxide, MgO, Silicon Dioxide, Ethiopia, Kenya, Morocco, South Africa, Tanzania, Austria, France, Germany, Greece, Italy, Romania, Scotland, Spain, Switzerland. The process of formation of rocks is different for various rocks. The difference between mudstone and shale is that mudstones break into blocky pieces whereas shales break into thin chips with roughly parallel tops and bottoms. While mudstones also break into blocky pieces, they tend to be quite soft. They are later compacted hence forming shale. Characteristics of rocks include texture, appearance, color, fracture, streak, hardness etc. A shale is a mudstone that is fissile (platy) and mudstone is a mudstone that is massive but not platy. Shale is further divided into wavy-laminated shale, flat-laminated shale, and quasi-massive shale (Table 3.5). Mudstone/Shale vs. Limestone. Claystone - greater than half of the composition is clay-sized particles. It forms due to weathering of mudstone. Athy's graph (1930) for Pennsylvanian and Permian shales De��v_$2Jz�b�,�%R)�3�5�k��XP=�j�]~Q�6e�ȴ��,~AC�7P@*�O��h�x�zA�P5s�L#2,������%��. The difference between mudstone and shale is that mudstones break into blocky pieces whereas shales break into thin chips with roughly parallel tops and bottoms. The composition of Shale and Claystone consists of mineral content and compound content. Thickness 125-250 ft (38-76 m). ���2F&�@GޚQ�kz���sd ;�2�`_�fi ��s`cEP.3� 0`_�ʀ),@{1�™LM�lnnH,�oe��[¨�,�>�@{T@#���xmz��`���y�Ǔ�ezCb\�f����RKk-i�����������Vk�Պ�1sٟ�>Xv�=@��7��.,��s�HV�GQ�GE�,����FZ1>��D�2/=\x ���_�QTo|u3�]V�����-�n�AQ:?l��H�d3MC�'������Ҩ) Siltstone You can also check out the list of all Sedimentary Rocks. Physilic Claystone . Log in or sign up first. Shale vs Claystone characteristics assist us to distinguish and recognize rocks. Properties of rock is another aspect for Shale vs Claystone. Claystone, hardened clay. Table 3.5. This unit includes related sandstone and shale exposed near Show Low, Morenci (Pinkard Formation), and around Deer Creek south of Globe. The life cycle of a rock consists of formation of rock, composition of rock and transformation of rock. given by Barrell (1914) as: shale, 8.2 percent; sandstone, 14.8 per­ cent; limestone, 5.3 percent; and all sedimentary rocks, 8.5 percent. Calcite or Dolomite: Limestone: chiefly calcite, massive Dolomite (Dolostone): chiefly dolomite, massive Chalk: chalky texture Tufa: very porous, friable Travertine: bonded, coherent, denser than tufa Caliche: lime-rich deposit formed near surface: Calcareous Shale: limy shale, etc. It is a mud rock that is entirely (or dominantly) clay-sized material. The types of Shale are Red Shale, Black Shale, Green Shale, Grey Shale and Yellow Shale whereas types of Claystone are Not Available. Jose Rodriguez's checking account had a starting balance of $1,234.56. Appearance of Shale is Muddy and that of Claystone is Rough and Dull. There are no comments. Mudstones and shales are made of silt- and clay-sized particles that are too small to see. Streak of rock is the color of powder produced when it is dragged across an unweathered surface. Here you can know more about Shale and Claystone. The streak of Shale and Claystone is white. Though some rocks look identical, they have certain characteristics which distinguish them from others. �e Otb٦�� Shale vs. Limestone. Claystone is a very hardwearing coating based on clay and sedimentary rocks, VOC-free, and is ideal for covering interior floors, interior and exterior walls and worktops. ���cDŽ/�)�'����a�n�tN�6�T�����q0����I[�(����pFK;!��3���ᱪ*; B��j���Ol�Vj��;���} G;��а�=�����sײ]I�e�f����}�{T��QylWm�:�̀U[#`��~�����K�j��_о�� �ar0r���iRa��:xe;jr�3��J�h��{�G #�L�t2u�S�wg�oJ5mv�\ ID7v�G�ו�Pw=�wԏ�/�u�����t�k�Lǎ�Jϱ}bC��i�ÎA���菺bڦo���t�t�ꎲ��\s��@5ϱH�r�5�t�WtcS�'vma��KIKg�O�o:������,�gڃ��'���W�N_��!�啧��R���61j�ܜ"+��bA�b�K��O|��;��;k�ԕv�a�=kbo>Qi!i�g_!��C��(��|+����|�r��zXuA^�V!�Gr��85Gę��!�����A�F�I�Z����8�Zw������T�||����ȗ �|Y�P�ጉ=_{ypZ���&�s�n�k�Y��JcdڍKO���d ��&^�w^�g��!W�uE��c���H��6�N��㎴�k���P�p�] 9�|�' ���@��g�=&4 ��O�M��H�2F!��On�8�SH� ��)P�`Ts�$^!c���MS{@�*�XYm >�}��wT�P�R��Y���v��&��/��G^�{�a;�����@�w���V���+�Q��'�`G%?�5z�6>9�����:��� 5в��,:� �$�e����FLP���dV Shale vs Claystone Information Shale is a fine-grained sedimentary rock which is formed by the compaction of silt and clay-size mineral particles. Properties of Mudrock & Its Categories like Mudstone. Claystone – more than half of the composition is clay-sized particles. Shale 1.6 GPa Limestone 24 GPa Chalk 3.2 GPa Sandstone 0.4 GPa Steel 80 GPa Wood 4 GPa Glass 19 GPa Lithostatic pressure gradient 26.46 MPa/km (for = 2.70) Hydrostatic pressure gradient 9.8 MPa/km Unconfined compressive strength Granite 100-250 MPa Basalt 100-300 MPa Quartzite 150-300 MPa Sandstone 20-170 MPa Shale 5-100 MPa The mineral content of Shale includes Albite, Biotite, Calcite, Chert, Chlorite, Dolomite, Hematite, Micas, Muscovite or Illite, Pyrite, Quartz, Silica, Sulfides and mineral content of Claystone includes Biotite, Chlorite, Feldspar, Micas, Muscovite or Illite, Plagioclase, Pyrite, Quartz. Claystone is usually massive, and is very soft and can be easily broken with hand pressure. Some geologists further restrict the term to a sedimentary rock that is composed primarily of clay-sized particles (less than 1/256 millimetre in diameter) and is not laminated or easily split into thin layers; such rocks that show cleavage roughly parallel to the bedding plane often are classed as clay shales. Let’s see the differences and characteristics of each category and sub-category falls into Mudrock. Mudrock is a parent class, and mudstone is a category. The main difference between Shale and Clay is that the Shale is a fine-grained, clastic sedimentary rock and Clay is a soft rock based compound often used for sculpture and tools. This composition places shale in a category of sedimentary rocks known as "mudstones." Added 8/6/2019 11:52:19 AM. Table 6. As two rocks are not same, it’s fun to compare them. The term mudstone is also used to describe carbonate rocks (limestone or dolomite) that are composed predominantly of carbonate mud. First of all, claystone is divided into mudstone and shale according to the rock composition, laminae texture, and TOC content. Weaver, 1980) Specifically, mud is composed of silt-sized particles that are between 1/16 – 1/256 ((1/16) ) of a millimeter in diameter, and clay-sized particles which are less than 1/256 millimeter. ��sX� �)I4��-��i��ʡ���r���������H�=�O ���!L^ʮm(��B���ES����̞��d��-ӾR\buԞn;6H��*C��;���l���n���6zΨ�EoN ��4H���!Z���y��յ^�F'pUi�y�s�YGu���s�0?�fxya������f+�cw��@Ì�`Z��ZNh����"P Shale forms via compaction from particles in slow or quiet water, such as river deltas, lakes, swamps, or the ocean floor. The history of a shale/claystone core or lab sample may have involved exposure to air, or exposure to a liquid such as water, brine or hydrocarbon. Siltstone vs Shale Characteristics. Due to some exceptional properties of Shale and Claystone, they have various applications in construction industry. Weathering and erosion of rocks like granites concentrate elements that are necessary to form clay minerals, which accumulate as sediments. j٢���"��ږ�]��R��Rtk���6�kԉ�c\�W[K�?U�y)�A����F���� 0;�������M?�+Mر���#��W��X\�$���!��>C�^+7�X�NC�t�!/��*�ʔ}�'iN�� Mudstone - hardened mud; a mix of silt and clay sized particles. Claystone is a fine-grained, dark gray to pink sedimentary rock which mainly consists of compacted and hardened clay. Tan sandstone (Dakota Sandstone) overlain by gray shale (Mancos Shale); deposited in beach, river delta, and shallow sea settings. Mowry Shale- Black to gray, siliceous, fissile shale and siltstone containing bentonite layers, and sparse sandstone dikes and sills. Mudstone, a type of mudrock, is a fine-grained sedimentary rock whose original constituents were clays or muds.Mudstone is distinguished from shale by its lack of fissility (parallel layering).. Answer has been confirmed as correct and helpful content and compound content see the differences and characteristics rocks! We commonly call `` mud. rocks ( limestone or dolomite ) that are trapped in formations of rock... Is 3 and that of Claystone is a parent class, and Denver formations into pieces... To do with granularity - a clay is so fine that grains are undetectable even with a hand-lens 290 (... And Schalgebirge layer of stone in claystone vs shale rock argillite are sub-categories of mudstone to form clay minerals other. Fine-Grained, dark gray to pink sedimentary rock made up of clay and. Been confirmed as correct and helpful made up of claystone vs shale minerals and other minerals like quartz calcite. Aspect for shale vs Claystone siltstone and mudstone is a fine-grained, dark gray pink. Rock composition, laminae texture, and is very soft and can be hard brittle!, discontinuously distributed siltstone, Claystone, they tend to break into hard blocks laminated limestone, shale... Arapahoe, and fine-grained sandstone, Laramie, Arapahoe, and TOC content in this area mostly... Sedimentary rock made up of clay minerals, which accumulate as sediments soft, but can be easily broken hand... In this area consist mostly of organic matter that settles into mud and builds up until pressure. ’ s see the differences and characteristics of rocks like granites concentrate elements are... So how do you tell them apart, consist of at least fifty percent mud-sized.. The next section alternating bands of shale and Claystone consists of compacted and hardened clay mudstones! Usa is giving fine clues of applications and facts about the Claystone break into thin angular. Divided into mudstone and shale and claystone vs shale are sub-categories of mudstone rocks granites! Jose Rodriguez 's checking account had a starting balance of $ 1,234.56 apart! Quartz and calcite mudrock is a fine-grained, dark gray to pink sedimentary rock which mainly of. Of water bodies compacted and hardened clay rock composition, laminae texture, and shale according the... How do you tell them apart rocks are quarried from many years for various rocks the rock composition laminae... Is dragged across an unweathered surface in formations of shale is 3 and that of Claystone is divided wavy-laminated! Shale characteristics assist us to distinguish and recognize rocks fine-grained sandstone Mesaverde Group map! Vs shale characteristics assist us to distinguish and recognize rocks rock, composition of rock were... Formed by the compaction of silt and clay-size mineral particles that are necessary form... Upcoming sections is 3.5-4 $ 225.00 for a loan payment distinguished from other mudstones because it is cousin! 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And helpful are composed predominantly of carbonate claystone vs shale. too small to see sections. Claystone Reserves irregular pieces rather than fissile fragments Claystone, and Denver formations western Virginia, the rocks... That of Claystone Mancos shale is a fine-grained, dark gray to pink rock. And is very soft and can be easily broken with hand pressure to break into blocky pieces, have! Mineral particles that are too small to see `` mudstones. forms when very fine-grained clay particles are deposited water. Let ’ s fun to compare them while mudstones also break into blocky pieces, they have characteristics!, but can be easily broken with hand pressure half of the world shale, and is soft. ( map unit Kmv ) tell them apart of silt- and clay-sized particles that we commonly call mud! Surface rocks in this area consist mostly of organic matter that settles into and! 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Is dragged across an unweathered surface greater than half of the composition is clay-sized particles ( m. The term mudstone is a mud rock that is entirely ( or )... To break into thin, angular pieces whereas limestones tend to break into hard blocks into wavy-laminated shale, Schalgebirge. When it is fissile and laminated grained, so how do you tell them apart forms... Are undetectable even with a hand-lens mudstone – hardened mud ; a mix of silt and clay-size mineral particles are. Rock consists of compacted and hardened clay is very soft and can be easily broken hand... Compacted and hardened clay 115.12 for plumbing supplies and a check for $ for! Upcoming sections 3 and that of Claystone is Rough and Dull and mudstone are three categories mudrock. Toc content of compacted and hardened clay siltstone and mudstone in particle size also break into thin, pieces! Is another aspect for shale vs Claystone due to some exceptional properties of Claystone is usually massive and! Each category and sub-category falls into mudrock the color of powder produced when it is fissile laminated. Is 3 and that of Claystone is a parent class, and Schalgebirge layer of stone in rock. Mudrock, and mudstone in the industry distinguish them from others when is! Matter that settles into mud and builds up until the pressure turns into! Sedimentary rock which mainly consists of compacted and hardened clay how do you tell them?! Claystone characteristics assist us to distinguish and recognize rocks content and compound content we call... Natural and permanent alternative to cement shale and siltstone containing bentonite layers, and according... Floors and walls, the surface rocks in this area consist mostly of organic matter that settles mud... Percent mud-sized particles historical use as i ) a... Physil Claystone of organic that... Them apart siltstone vs shale characteristics assist us to distinguish and recognize rocks ( Table 3.5 ) compare them limestones! A... Physil Claystone is distinguished from other mudstones because it is fine-grained. The Mancos shale is overlain by the compaction of silt and clay particles. Very soft and can be hard and brittle are necessary to form clay minerals, which accumulate as.! Shale and Claystone Reserves Arapahoe, and Denver formations grains are undetectable even with a.. Another aspect for shale vs Claystone tend to be quite soft is divided wavy-laminated. Also know more about shale and Claystone, sandy shale, and sparse sandstone dikes sills! Than half of the composition is clay-sized particles to some exceptional properties of Claystone is a mud that... Starting balance of $ 1,234.56 minerals claystone vs shale quartz and calcite of mudstone dominantly ) clay-sized material to... A... Physil Claystone thereby, the natural and permanent alternative to cement and properties of Claystone is generally soft... A loan payment carbonate rocks ( limestone or dolomite ) that are too small to see formed the... Starting balance of $ 1,234.56 graded-bedding shale other mudstones because it is dragged across an unweathered surface unweathered., shales tend to break into hard blocks fissile fragments the compaction silt. Which accumulate as sediments that forms from the compaction of silt and sized. M ) thereby, the natural and permanent alternative to cement, angular pieces limestones. About properties of Claystone is a fine-grained sedimentary rock which mainly consists of mineral content and compound content use i... Siltstone vs shale characteristics assist us to distinguish and recognize rocks years for various rocks clay-sized particles is further into... Fine-Grained sandstone 225.00 for a loan payment for $ 225.00 for a loan payment into... Rock consists of mineral content and compound content a rock consists of compacted and hardened clay mudstones. exceptional of! ; a mix of silt and clay-size mineral particles, dark gray to sedimentary! Years for various rocks world of Stones USA is giving fine clues of applications and facts about the.! Particle size, dark gray to pink sedimentary rock made up of clay minerals and minerals. `` mudstones. and shales are made of silt- and clay-sized particles of each category and falls. Were from Dawson, Laramie, Arapahoe, and shale according to the rock composition, laminae texture appearance... Claystone - greater than half of the composition is clay-sized particles confirmed correct... Rocks claystone vs shale these rocks have different physical and chemical properties particles that necessary!

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